Counseling and Life Coaching by Nicole Leitner, MA, LPC
Trauma is the result of extraordinarily stressful events that shatter your sense of security, making you feel helpless and vulnerable in a dangerous world. Traumatic experiences often involve a threat to life or safety, but any situation that leaves you feeling overwhelmed and alone can be traumatic, even if it doesn’t involve physical harm. It’s not the objective facts that determine whether an event is traumatic, but your subjective emotional experience of the event. The more frightened and helpless you feel, the more likely you are to be traumatized.
Symptoms of Trauma
Emotional symptoms of trauma:
Shock, denial, or disbelief
Anger, irritability, mood swings
Guilt, shame, self-blame
Feeling sad or hopeless
Anxiety and fear
Withdrawing from others
Feeling disconnected or numb
Physical symptoms of trauma:
Insomnia or nightmares
Being startled easily
Aches and pains
Edginess and agitation
Signs That Professional Treatment is Needed
Having trouble functioning at home or work.
Suffering from severe fear, anxiety, or depression.
Unable to form close, satisfying relationships.
Experiencing terrifying memories, nightmares, or flashbacks.
Avoiding situations that remind you of the trauma
Feeling emotionally numb and disconnected from others.
Using alcohol or drugs to feel better.
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